District of Columbia Route 295

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District of Columbia Route 295 marker

District of Columbia Route 295

DC 295 highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by District of Columbia DOT
Length4.29 mi[1] (6.90 km)
Major junctions
South end I-295 / I-695 in Washington
North end MD 201 near Capitol Heights, MD
Location
CountryUnited States
Federal districtDistrict of Columbia
Highway system
I-295 I-395

District of Columbia Route 295 (DC 295), also known as the Anacostia Freeway as well as the Kenilworth Avenue Freeway north of East Capitol Street, is a freeway in the District of Columbia, and currently the only signed numbered route in the District that is not an Interstate Highway or U.S. Highway. Also, DC 295 is one of the few city-level signed route numbers in the United States, along with Charlotte Route 4. The south end is at the junction of Interstate 295 (I-295), I-695, and the southern end of the 11th Street Bridges; its north end is at the border with Maryland where it continues as Maryland Route 201 (MD 201) and then the Baltimore–Washington Parkway (unsigned Maryland Route 295).

Route description[edit]

View north along DC 295 approaching Pennsylvania Avenue

DC 295 starts at a split from I-295 and I-695 at the 11th Street Bridges in Anacostia. From there, it continues northeasterly along the Anacostia River to the DC-Maryland border. DC 295, I-295, and the Baltimore–Washington Parkway, while administratively distinct, form one continuous freeway linking the southern portion of the Capital Beltway to Baltimore. Mileposts continue the sequence of I-295 from the split. Frontage roads near the north end are known as Kenilworth Avenue, which is the name of MD 201 after splitting from the main freeway. DC 295 is part of the National Highway System.

History[edit]

What is now DC 295, was originally part of two separate highways, the Anacostia Freeway and the Kenilworth Expressway. It was first conceived by the National Capital Park and Planning Commission in 1950 as a connector route between the Baltimore–Washington Parkway at Kenilworth Avenue and the Capital Beltway near Oxon Hill. The route would provide access to the Anacostia waterfront, which included Bolling Air Force Base and the Anacostia Naval Station. In 1955, District officials approved the portion of the route between Suitland Parkway and East Capitol Street; the remainder of the route was approved in 1956. The southern portion of the route, from the Beltway to the 11th Street Bridges, was given a financial boost when it was included in the Interstate Highway System. The route was designated I-295 by AASHTO in 1958.

Work on the Kenilworth Expressway, the portion from East Capitol to the Baltimore-Washington Parkway, began in 1952 and ended in October of 1957. Construction of the Expressway included four pedestrian bridges over it.[2] It was all part of the same project that built the East Capitol Street Bridge at the time. The Kenilworth Interchange, between the Expressway, US-50 and the Parkway started work in 1956 and ended at the same time as the Expressway.[3][4]

Initial construction of the Anacostia Freeway began in the summer of 1957 with the East Capitol Street overpass over Kenilworth Avenue and was completed in 1964.[5][6] The final part of the project, the connecting ramps to the 11th Street Bridges opened the following year.[4]

The Expressway between Benning Road and the District Line was built on the right of way of the former Benning streetcar line, which is why parts of it are narrow with short entrances and exits. Until May 1, 1949, streetcar routes 10 and 12 operated from downtown to Deane Avenue. Route 10 continued to Kenilworth, just inside the District Line. Route 12 turned off and ran to Seat Pleasant. That right of way was later paved and it is now called Nannie Helen Burroughs Avenue.

The southern portion of Anacostia freeway, I-295, officially ends on a ramp to the 11th Street Bridges, though it originally referred to everything south to Oxon Cove. For years the northern portion between there and the District Line was often referred to as Route 295 even though it bore no such markings. It was not long after parts of the Baltimore-Washington Parkway in Maryland were numbered MD 295 in the 1980s that the District of Columbia numbered its portion as DC 295.[citation needed]

Exit list[edit]

Exit numbers were added in 2014 as part of the 11th Street Bridges reconstruction. The entire route is in Washington, D.C.

Locationmi[1]kmExitDestinationsNotes
Fairlawn0.000.001A


I-295 south to I-95 / I-495 – Richmond, Alexandria
Anacostia Freeway continues south as I-295; exit 5B on I-295
1B

I-695 west to I-395 – Downtown
Future I-395 south; northbound movements via I-295 exit 5A
1CMLK Jr. Avenue SE / 11th Street SENorthbound movements via I-295 exit 5C
0.831.34Pennsylvania Avenue east – Andrews AFBSigned as exit 1A northbound and exit 1D southbound
1BPennsylvania Avenue westNo southbound exit
Greenway2.233.59East Capitol Street westNo northbound exit
River Terrace
Benning line
2.594.17River TerraceSouthbound exit only
2.794.49Benning Road west / Foote Street – RFK StadiumLeft exit and entrance northbound; Foote St. not signed northbound
Eastland Gardens
Deanwood line
3.305.31Burroughs Avenue / Minnesota Avenue
Kenilworth
Deanwood line
3.906.28Polk StreetNorthbound exit only
4.296.90Quarles Street / Eastern AvenueNorthbound exit and southbound entrance




MD 201 north to MD 295 (Baltimore-Washington Parkway) / US 50 / I-95 – Baltimore
Continuation into Maryland
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "National Highway Planning Network GIS data". FHWA. August 2005. Retrieved 2007-07-09.
  2. ^ "2 Contracts Let For Expressway". The Washington Post. 26 July 1956.
  3. ^ "Kenilworth Interchange Opens Today at Noon". The Washington Post. 25 October 1957.
  4. ^ a b Clopton, Williard (4 August 1964). "Freeway Opens Here on Friday". The Washington Post.
  5. ^ Barthelmes, Wes (5 August 1957). "Anacostia Freeway Work Starts Soon". The Washington Post.
  6. ^ "Anacostia Freeway Now Open All the Way". The Washington Post. 8 August 1964.

External links[edit]

Route map:

KML is from Wikidata