Jokioinen

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Jokioinen
Jockis
Municipality
Jokioisten kunta
Jockis kommun
The grain storehouse with bell tower of Jokioinen Estates
The grain storehouse with bell tower of Jokioinen Estates
Coat of arms of Jokioinen
Location of Jokioinen in Finland
Location of Jokioinen in Finland
Coordinates: 60°48′N 023°29′E / 60.800°N 23.483°E / 60.800; 23.483Coordinates: 60°48′N 023°29′E / 60.800°N 23.483°E / 60.800; 23.483
Country Finland
RegionTavastia Proper
Sub-regionForssa sub-region
Charter1873
Government
 • Municipal managerJukka Matilainen
Area
 (2018-01-01)[1]
 • Total181.94 km2 (70.25 sq mi)
 • Land180.43 km2 (69.66 sq mi)
 • Water1.52 km2 (0.59 sq mi)
 • Rank270th largest in Finland
Population
 (2021-12-31)[2]
 • Total5,044
 • Rank169th largest in Finland
 • Density27.96/km2 (72.4/sq mi)
Population by native language
 • Finnish98.3% (official)
 • Swedish0.3%
 • Others1.4%
Population by age
 • 0 to 1414.7%
 • 15 to 6458.2%
 • 65 or older27.1%
Time zoneUTC+02:00 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+03:00 (EEST)
Municipal tax rate[5]21.25%
ClimateDfc
Websitewww.jokioinen.fi

Jokioinen (Swedish: Jockis) is a municipality of Finland.

It is located in the Tavastia Proper region. The municipality has a population of 5,044 (31 December 2021)[2] and covers an area of 181.94 square kilometres (70.25 sq mi) of which 1.52 km2 (0.59 sq mi) is water.[1] The population density is 27.96 inhabitants per square kilometre (72.4/sq mi). The municipality is unilingually Finnish.

A notable tourist attraction in the region is the Jokioinen Museum Railway.

History[edit]

The history of Jokioinen is tightly connected to the Jokioinen estate, which was established in 1562. The estate developed into the largest estate in Finland during the time of the provincial governor Ernst Gustaf von Willebrand. At the beginning of 20th century the estate had a corn mill, saw mill, a brick factory, steel plant and a sugar and syrup factory.

Due to the crofters law of 1918 and the land reform law of 1945 the estate was split into more than 1500 homes and small farms. The rest of the estate was transferred to the ownership of the Finnish state in 1918. In 1928 the Department of Finnish Plant Breeding from Tikkurila and in 1957 the observatory from Pasila were transferred to the Jokioinen estate.

Climate[edit]

Jokioinen has a humid continental climate of the warm-summer type (Köppen: Dfb),[6] typical of the South Finnish fringe.[7] In the past it falls to the continental subarctic zone (Dfc, based in old data) with only 3 months above 10 °C.[8][9] The conditions are similar to Tampere, although it is more than 70 km to the north which shows influence of the urbanization in the climate.[10]

Climate data for Jokioinen (Hakala), elevation: 103 m or 338 ft, 1961-1990 normals and extremes
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 7.4
(45.3)
9.4
(48.9)
14.0
(57.2)
21.2
(70.2)
27.7
(81.9)
31.5
(88.7)
29.9
(85.8)
30.4
(86.7)
27.6
(81.7)
18.4
(65.1)
11.3
(52.3)
7.2
(45.0)
31.5
(88.7)
Average high °C (°F) −4.6
(23.7)
−4.1
(24.6)
0.4
(32.7)
6.8
(44.2)
15.0
(59.0)
19.7
(67.5)
20.9
(69.6)
19.1
(66.4)
13.4
(56.1)
7.7
(45.9)
1.7
(35.1)
−2.2
(28.0)
7.8
(46.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) −7.5
(18.5)
−7.4
(18.7)
−3.5
(25.7)
2.4
(36.3)
9.4
(48.9)
14.3
(57.7)
15.8
(60.4)
14.2
(57.6)
9.4
(48.9)
4.7
(40.5)
−0.4
(31.3)
−4.9
(23.2)
3.9
(39.0)
Average low °C (°F) −11.2
(11.8)
−11.2
(11.8)
−7.7
(18.1)
−1.8
(28.8)
3.2
(37.8)
7.9
(46.2)
10.3
(50.5)
9.4
(48.9)
5.6
(42.1)
1.8
(35.2)
−3.0
(26.6)
−8.1
(17.4)
−0.4
(31.3)
Record low °C (°F) −36.7
(−34.1)
−39.3
(−38.7)
−29.0
(−20.2)
−20.9
(−5.6)
−7.0
(19.4)
−3.1
(26.4)
0.8
(33.4)
−1.5
(29.3)
−8.8
(16.2)
−13.4
(7.9)
−24.5
(−12.1)
−33.4
(−28.1)
−39.3
(−38.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 36.0
(1.42)
24.0
(0.94)
25.0
(0.98)
32.0
(1.26)
35.0
(1.38)
47.0
(1.85)
80.0
(3.15)
83.0
(3.27)
65.0
(2.56)
58.0
(2.28)
55.0
(2.17)
42.0
(1.65)
582
(22.91)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 9.0 7.0 8.0 7.0 7.0 8.0 10.0 11.0 10.0 11.0 11.0 10.0 109
Mean monthly sunshine hours 36.6 70.5 133.0 174.4 252.1 276.4 247.2 203.6 125.0 81.2 35.4 27.3 1,662.7
Source: NOAA[9]

Economy[edit]

Employment structure of Jokioinen by trade at the end of 2004 was following: Services 64.9%, processing 23.3%, agriculture and forestry economics 9.6%.

Major employers[edit]

  • MTT Agrifood Research Finland: 480
  • Jokioinen municipality: 305
  • Boreal Plant Breeding Ltd: 68
  • Jokioisten Leipä Oy (bakery): 45
  • Suomen Sokeri Oy Finnsugar (sugar mill): 44

Villages[edit]

Haapaniemi, Jokioinen, Jänhijoki, Kiipu, Lammi, Latovainio, Minkiö, Minkiön asema (Minkiö railway station), Niemi, Ojainen, Pellilä, Saari, and Vaulammi

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Preliminary population structure by area, 2021M01*-2021M12*". StatFin (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 February 2022.
  3. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
  4. ^ "Population according to age (1-year) and sex by area and the regional division of each statistical reference year, 2003–2020". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2021" (PDF). Tax Administration of Finland. 1 December 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  6. ^ "Jokioinen, Finland Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Retrieved 2019-03-04.
  7. ^ Peterson, Adam (2016-09-19), English: Köppen climate types of Finland, retrieved 2019-03-04
  8. ^ "Jokioinen Climate Jokioinen Temperatures Jokioinen Weather Averages". www.jokioinen.climatemps.com. Retrieved 2019-03-04.
  9. ^ a b "City (ID Station) - WMO Weather Station". NOAA. Retrieved March 4, 2019. Archived March 4, 2019, at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ "FMI normals 1981-2010" (PDF). FMI. Retrieved 26 April 2016.

External links[edit]