|Predecessor||Bugatti Automobili S.p.A.|
|Founded||December 22, 1998|
|Mate Rimac (CEO of Bugatti Rimac)|
|76 vehicles (2018)|
Number of employees
|Parent||Bugatti Rimac d.o.o.|
Bugatti Automobiles S.A.S. (French pronunciation: [bygati]) is a French luxury automobile manufacturer and luxury brand for hyper sports cars. The company was founded in 1998 as a subsidiary of the Volkswagen Group and is based in Molsheim, Alsace, France. The Bugatti name was first made famous by Ettore Bugatti (1881–1947), who established the original Bugatti automobile brand in 1909 at Molsheim and built sports, racing and luxury cars.
In November 2021, the company became part of Bugatti Rimac, a joint venture between Rimac Group and Porsche AG. Since November 1, 2021, the company has been led by Mate Rimac as chief executive officer of Bugatti Rimac.
On December 22, 1998, Volkswagen AG, a German automotive manufacturer now controlled by Porsche SE, established Bugatti Automobiles S.A.S. as a French-registered, wholly owned subsidiary. On the same day, the company took over the design and naming rights to Bugatti from Italian businessman Romano Artioli, who built supercars (such as the EB 110 and EB 112) with Bugatti SpA in Italy between 1987 and 1998. Since 2000, the Bugatti automobile brand has officially existed as Bugatti Automobiles S.A.S., still abbreviated to Bugatti. Since then, the company's headquarters have once again been located in Molsheim, France.
On 22 December 2000, Volkswagen officially incorporated Bugatti Automobiles S.A.S., with former VW drivetrain chief Karl-Heinz Neumann as president. The company purchased the 1856 Château Saint Jean, formerly Ettore Bugatti's guest house in Dorlisheim, near Molsheim, and began refurbishing it to serve as the company's headquarters. The original factory was still in the hands of Snecma, who were unwilling to part with it. At the Pebble Beach Concours d'Elegance in August 2000, VW announced that they would instead build a new modern atelier (factory) next to and south of the château. The atelier was officially inaugurated on 3 September 2005.
In September 2020, it was announced that Volkswagen was preparing to sell its Bugatti automobile brand, and talks began with the Croatian company Rimac Automobili. Around 700 Bugatti cars had been sold since 2005, but Volkswagen Group CEO Herbert Diess saw the unprofitable brand as ballast, the company said.
In 2020, Bugatti delivered 77 vehicles to customers. In January 2021, Bugatti announced that it had increased its operating profit for the third year in a row. This marked the most successful year in the company's history.
In July 2021, it was announced that Bugatti Automobiles and the sports car operations of Rimac Automobili will be merged to form Bugatti Rimac, a joint venture between Rimac Automobili and Porsche AG. The newly formed Rimac Group will be the majority shareholder with a 55% stake in Bugatti Rimac, while Porsche AG will hold the remaining 45% stake, as well as a 24% stake in Rimac Group. The formation of Bugatti Rimac d.o.o. took place in the fourth quarter of 2021.
Italdesign Giugiaro designs
Volkswagen commissioned Italdesign's Giorgetto Giugiaro to design a series of concept cars to return the marque to prominence. The first example, the EB 118, was a two-door coupé and was introduced at the Paris Motor Show in 1998. It was followed by the four-door EB 218 touring sedan, introduced at the Geneva Motor Show in 1999. Later that year, the 18/3 Chiron was shown at the IAA in Frankfurt.
All of these early concepts featured a 555 PS (408 kW; 547 hp) 18-cylinder engine. This was the first-ever W-configuration engine on a passenger vehicle, with three blocks of 6 cylinders each. It shared many components with Volkswagen's modular engine family.
The 16C Galibier was unveiled during Celebration of the Centenary of the Marque in Molsheim. The presentation was only for Bugatti customers. The car show in Molsheim showed the car in blue carbon fibre and aluminum parts. One year later Bugatti showed the world the 16C Galibier Concept at "VW Group Night" at the Geneva Auto Show in a new black and aluminum color combination.
The Galibier, a 1020 HP sedan, was first shown as a concept in 2010 and when they planned to put it into production in 2015, it would have cost about $1.4 million. It would use the same 16-cylinder 8.0-litre engine as the Veyron but instead of four turbos, the 16C Galibier would instead use two superchargers to deliver better torque. Production would require new facilities in Molsheim, France, to be refitted, which pushed back potential deliveries until 2015.
In 2013, it was announced that the car will never be produced as they wish to focus on a Veyron replacement.
In the 1980s the Bugatti brand was brought back as Bugatti Automobili S.p.A. in Italy. The company produced the EB110 in the 1990s, which put Bugatti back on the modern super-car scene. The company was then bought by Volkswagen at the end of the 20th century.
In 2000, the company introduced a new engine concept. At the Paris, Geneva, and Detroit auto shows, Bugatti presented the EB 16/4 Veyron concept car, an all-wheel-drive 16-cylinder car with an engine output of 1,001 PS (736 kW; 987 hp). The EB 16/4 Veyron has an 8.0-liter engine with four turbochargers. It reached a top speed of 407 km/h (253 mph). At the time, the Veyron was the most potent and fastest supercar ever built. In acceleration tests, it reached a speed of 100 km/h (62 mph) after 2.5 s, 200 km/h (124 mph) after 7.3 s, and 300 km/h (186 mph) after 16.8 s.
Development initially lasted until 2001; the EB 16/4 Veyron was given "advanced concept" status in advertising. At the end of 2001, Bugatti announced that the car was now officially called the Bugatti Veyron 16.4. The combination of numbers means 16 cylinders and a fourth design study. Initially, production was scheduled to start in 2003. Technical difficulties with the dual-clutch transmission and the unusual, extreme requirements at speeds well over 300 km/h led to several delays. Finally, production began in September 2005, and annual production was increased to 70 units due to long waiting times.
On June 26, 2010, the Bugatti Veyron 16.4 Super Sport set the world speed record for road-legal production sports cars with a top speed of 431.072 km/h (267.86 mph). In August of the same year, this vehicle with 1,200 PS (883 kW; 1,184 hp) was presented for the first time in Pebble Beach (U.S.). In April 2013, the Veyron 16.4 Grand Sport Vitesse reached 408.84 km/h (254.04 mph), the fastest speed ever recorded for a roadster. The Vitesse World Record Car Edition, limited to eight units, was subsequently presented to the world public for the first time at the Auto Shanghai trade show and sold out shortly after that.
At the 2015 IAA, the company unveiled a show car of its Vision Gran Turismo project. With the Bugatti Vision Gran Turismo, the luxury manufacturer presented a possible new super sports car following the sale of all 450 Veyron. The Bugatti Vision Gran Turismo design is intended to recall the racing tradition of the 1920s and 1930s. The color scheme represents the brand's victories in the Le Mans 24-hour race. On November 6, 2015, the first showrooms in Bugatti's new CI look were opened simultaneously.
On November 30, 2015, Bugatti announced that the successor to the Veyron would be called the Chiron. The name is dedicated to the Monegasque racing driver Louis Chiron, who began his racing career on a Bugatti Type 35 and won several Grand Prix races. On February 29, 2016, Bugatti unveiled its new Chiron hypercar at the Geneva Motor Show. It continues to be powered by an 8.0-liter 16-cylinder with four turbochargers, but now with 1,500 PS (1,103 kW; 1,479 hp) and 1,600 Newton meters of torque. The Chiron accelerates to 100 km/h (62 mph) in 2.4 seconds from a standstill, reaches 200 km/h (124 mph) in 6.1 seconds, and 300 km/h (186 mph) in 13.1 seconds. The top speed is 420 km/h (261 mph). Bugatti is the only automaker to build a W16 engine that produces over 1,500 hp. Since 2016, the Chiron has been home to the first mass-produced 3-D printed component, a small console on the transmission oil duct.
This makes the Chiron the fastest hypercar globally, and its base price is 2.4 million euros net. Production in Molsheim is limited to 500 vehicles, and the first production car was delivered to customers in March 2017. The Chiron made its debut on the US market in April 2016. On August 21, 2016, Bugatti unveiled the Vision Gran Turismo concept car, a real-life study of the vehicle in the Gran Turismo Sport video game. On September 11, 2017, the Chiron set a new world record. From 0 to 400 km/h (249 mph) and back to 0 km/h (0 mph), the coupé took just 42 seconds.
At the Geneva Motor Show on March 6, 2018, Bugatti unveiled the Chiron Sport, a hypercar optimized for lateral acceleration. It takes 5 seconds off the Chiron on the Nardò handling circuit thanks to numerous changes, such as the increased use of new materials (the first production car with windshield wipers made of carbon), the resulting weight saving of 18 kilograms, and the new Dynamic Torque Vectoring function. The engine remains untouched, producing 1,103 kW (1,479 hp) and 1,600 Newton-meters of torque, as in the Chiron. In June 2018, Lego Technic recreated a 1:8 scale Chiron with Lego bricks.
Bugatti is ringing in its 110th anniversary in 2019 with the unique "110ans" edition of the Chiron Sport. The hypercar adorns the Tricolore inside and out as a nod to France. The powertrain remains the 8-liter 16-cylinder with four turbochargers and 1,103 kW/1,500 hp. The vehicle was first shown at the Geneva Motor Show.
In July 2019, Bugatti built the 200th Chiron, as "110 ans Bugatti".
In September 2019, Bugatti will break the 300-mile barrier with a modified Chiron, breaking the top speed record. Ex-racing driver and test driver Andy Wallace reached 304.773 mph (490.485 km/h) on the VW test track in Ehra-Lessien. The Chiron thus becomes the first production car to exceed 300 mph (483 km/h).
Bugatti celebrated its 110th birthday with customers and friends of the brand at the Grand Fête in Molsheim in September 2019 and unveiled the Chiron Super Sport 300+ as part of the celebration. The car, which has been boosted to 1,600 hp, has a body optimized for top speed and was limited to 30 units. One vehicle cost 3.5 million euros.
The French introduced another derivative, the Chiron Pur Sport, in March 2020. The new model was developed and designed with lateral dynamics in mind. To achieve this, the engineers modified the chassis, engine, transmission, and aerodynamics. A new transmission improved with a 15 percent shorter overall ratio; total power is available at 350 km/h (217 mph). The Chiron Pur Sport accelerates from 0 to 100 km/h (62 mph) in 2.3 seconds instead of 2.4 seconds, and 0 to 200 km/h (124 mph) now takes 5.9 seconds instead of 6.1 seconds. The vehicle's top speed is electronically governed at 350 km/h (217 mph), and the maximum gearshift speed is 6,900 rpm. At the rear, the Chiron Pur Sport carries a 1.90-meter-wide rear wing for massive downforce. A new chassis set-up with stiffer springs at the front and back, a control strategy for the adaptive dampers designed for performance, and modified camber values ensured more dynamic handling and greater agility in corners. The Chiron Pur Sport is limited to 60 vehicles and costs 3 million euros each. The first vehicle was delivered in August 2020.
In September, Bugatti presented the special Chiron Sport model "Les Légendes du Ciel." Limited to 20 units, the edition is dedicated to Bugatti's legendary pilots and works drivers. Each vehicle costs 2.88 million euros net.
In July 2018, Bugatti announced that it would build the Divo hypercar, limited to 40 units. The cars, at a net unit price of €5 million, were sold within days. In August 2018, the Divo was shown to the public for the first time at "The Quail: A Motorsports Gathering" as part of Monterey Car Week. With the Divo, Bugatti began modern coachbuilding.
La Voiture Noire
The La Voiture Noire (The Black Car) was a special edition car built and sold by Bugatti in 2019. It was presented at the 2019 Geneva Motor Show. The car pays homage to the legendary 'missing' Bugatti Type 57 SC Atlantic of Jean Bugatti. Only 1 of these cars was built and sold for a price of $12.5 million; making it the most expensive new car ever sold.
In August 2019, Bugatti presented the "Centodieci" (Italian for 110) at "The Quail: A Motorsports Gathering" as part of Monterey Car Week. The hypercar "reinterprets the historic EB 110." It is based on the Bugatti Chiron with its 8.0-liter W16 engine, but in the Centodieci, it produces 1,600 PS (1,177 kW; 1,578 hp) at 7,000 rpm. An additional air intake in the area of the oil cooler regulates the temperature of the performance-enhanced engine. In purely arithmetical terms, the Centodieci will sprint from 0 to 100 km/h (62 mph) in 2.4 seconds, to 200 km/h (124 mph) in 6.1 seconds and 300 km/h (186 mph) in 13.1 seconds, with the top speed, electronically capped at 380 km/h (236 mph). Visually, its wedge shape is based on the EB 110. The small series, limited to ten vehicles at a unit price of eight million euros, was sold immediately.
The Bolide is Bugatti's first track only hyper-car, digitally unveiled in October 2020. Built around Bugatti's existing 8.0-liter Bugatti W16 engine, the engineers designed only a minimum of bodywork. The result is the smallest possible shell. Although the concept version boasted a power output of 1,361 kW (1,825 hp; 1,850 PS), this was achieved using 110-octane racing fuel. The production version will have a power output of 1,177 kW (1,578 hp; 1,600 PS) with a torque figure of 1,600 N⋅m (1,180 lbf⋅ft) at 2,250 rpm using 98 RON gas. The top speed is expected to be over 500 km/h (311 mph). As part of its Monterey Car Week announcement, Bugatti has said that it will build 40 production-spec Bolide models. Currently, the hypercar is being pushed through the final stages of its development programme, but Bugatti aims to commence deliveries in 2024. Prices will start from €4 million (around £3.3 million).
The Mistral was unveiled on 19 August 2022. and is claimed by Bugatti to be the fastest roadster in the world. Although the Mistral is based on the Chiron platform the Mistral is not a cabriolet model for the Bugatti Chiron, but a unique roadster model for Bugatti that marks the last vehicle to use the W16 engine that was introduced with the Bugatti Veyron in 2005.
Bugatti retrospectively received three design awards in December 2019 for its exhibition stands in Geneva: Automotive Brand Contest and Iconic Awards. At the German Design Award, Bugatti became "Winner" in the category "Excellent Architecture - Fair and Exhibition." At the Top Gear Award, the Bugatti Super Sport 300+ won the 2019 "Physics Lesson of the year" category. At the Auto Bild Sportscars Award in the same year, the car was judged the best sports car of the year in the "Super Sports Car Import" category.
Bugatti changed its corporate design from February 2020. The first showroom with the new look opened in Paris. The partner was Groupe Schumacher, founded in 1947 and specializing in supercars and hypercars. In the same month, Bugatti reported that 250 vehicles of the Chiron had now been built, exactly half the planned number.
- Volkswagen AG 2012, p. 68.
- Volkswagen AG 2012, p. 50.
- "Bugatti and Rimac begin cooperation". www.bugatti.com. Retrieved 27 January 2022.
- Wagner, I (25 March 2019). "Worldwide deliveries of Bugatti from FY 2013 to FY 2018 (in units)". Statistica.
- "VW will weltbekannte Marke verkaufen - weil sie nicht zum neuen Elektro-Image passt?". Merkur (in German). 27 September 2020. Archived from the original on 27 September 2020. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- magazin, manager. "Volkswagen: Herbert Diess will Bugatti an Rimac verkaufen". www.manager-magazin.de (in German). Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- "BUGATTI to form part of a new joint company". www.bugatti.com. Retrieved 7 July 2021.
- "Rimac and Bugatti Combine Forces in Historic New Venture". rimac-automobili.com. 5 July 2020. Retrieved 6 July 2021.
- "Bugatti Sur Mesure Will Let You Customize Your Chiron However You Want". Car and Driver. 9 December 2021.
- "Vergessene Studien: Bugatti ID 90, EB 112, EB 118 und EB 218". Motor1.com (in German). Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- "EB 118 by Italdesign with typical Art Deco Style interior". Italdesign. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- "Vergessene Studien: Bugatti 18.3 Chiron (1999)". Motorsport-Total.com (in German). Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- "Bugatti Veyron: Fast hätte der Veyron einen W18-Motor bekommen". autobild.de. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- Cremer 2011.
- "Bugatti Veyron 16.4". autobild.de (in German). Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- "Special Edition Bugatti Veyron Grand Sport Vitesse At Pebble Beach". Motor Authority. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- Autosieger.de. "Bugatti auf der Shanghai Motor Show". Autosieger.de - Das Automagazin (in German). Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- "Bugatti Chiron: Gran-Turismo-Modell verkauft". autozeitung.de (in German). Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- "BRAUNWAGNER – Bugatti Showrooms 2015 – 2019". braunwanger. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- "Louis Chiron beim Grand Prix Monaco 1931". Secret Classics (in German). 16 April 2021. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- "Bugatti Bolide: Titanlegierungen aus dem 3D-Drucker". additive (in German). 16 November 2020. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- "US-Premiere für den Bugatti Vision Gran Turismo". www.bugatti.com (in German). Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- "0-400-0 km/h in 42 Sekunden: der Bugatti Chiron fährt Weltrekord". www.bugatti.com (in German). Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- "Bugatti Chiron vs the world's greatest hypercars". Top Gear. 17 June 2016. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- "evo Car of the Year 2017 - Bugatti Chiron - evo Car of the Year best hypercar". evo. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- "Bugatti präsentiert Chiron Sport als Weltpremiere" (in German).
- "DER NEUE LEGO® TECHNIC™ BUGATTI CHIRON". www.bugatti.com (in German). Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- "Bugatti Chiron 42083 | Technic™ | Offiziellen LEGO® Shop DE". www.lego.com (in German). Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- "LEGO Technic Bugatti Chiron". www.bugatti.com (in German). Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- Wittich,hwi, Holger (7 February 2019). "Bugatti Chiron Sport "110 ans Bugatti": Zum Geburtstag viel Stück". auto motor und sport (in German). Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- "Bugatti Chiron Sport "110 ans Bugatti". www.bugatti.com (in German). Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- Harloff, Thomas (27 July 2020). "Chiron Super Sport 300+ - mit Video: Rekordauto als Serien-Modell erwischt". auto motor und sport (in German). Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- "Bugatti stages 'Grande Fête' in Molsheim for 110th birthday". ClassicCars.com Journal. 18 September 2019. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- "110 Jahre Bugatti in Molsheim". Secret Classics (in German). 16 September 2019. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- Harloff, Thomas (27 July 2020). "Chiron Super Sport 300+ - mit Video: Rekordauto als Serien-Modell erwischt". auto motor und sport (in German). Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- "Bugatti Chiron Pur Sport und Chiron Super Sport 300+ im Detail". Motor1.com (in German). Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- Thomas, Jörn (20 October 2020). "Rennstrecken-Fahrbericht Bugatti Chiron Pur Sport: Das freundliche Biest". auto motor und sport (in German). Retrieved 3 May 2021.
- "Bugatti Chiron Sport les Legendes du Ciel".
- "Bugatti Divo: So großartig sehen die ersten Fahrzeuge aus". Motorsport-Total.com (in German). Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- "Bugatti Divo: Die agile Schwester des Hypersportwagens Chiron". WAZ/AZ-online.de (in German). Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- "Neue Hypercars (2019 und 2020)". autobild.de (in German). Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- "World Premiere For The Divo". Bugatti Automobiles S.A.S. 24 August 2018.
- "Bugatti to unveil new special edition during 2019 Monterey Car Week". Motor Authority. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- "Bugatti One-Ups Itself With Its New Divo Supercar". WIRED. Retrieved 19 October 2018.
- "Divo: Bugatti bringt ein neues streng limitiertes Modell". www.bugatti.com (in German). Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- "Weltpremiere für den Divo". www.bugatti.com (in German). Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- Rix, Jack (24 August 2018). "Meet the €5m, 236mph Bugatti Divo". Top Gear. Retrieved 26 August 2018.
- "La Voiture Noire". www.bugatti.com. Retrieved 1 January 2021.
- "Les Légendes de Bugatti - Magazine | Classic Driver". www.classicdriver.com. Retrieved 1 January 2021.
- Christoph Rauwald (5 March 2019). "At $12.5 Million This Bugatti Is the Most Expensive New Car Ever". Bloomberg.
- "Jean Bugatti - Bugatti Editions - Models". www.bugatti.com. Retrieved 1 January 2021.
- "Bugatti Centodieci (2021): Preis, Stückzahl, PS, Fahrleistungen". autobild.de. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- "Sonderedition des Bugatti Centodieci erinnert an den EB110". springerprofessional.de (in German). 20 August 2019. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- "Hypercar: Im Kunstwerk auf 380 Stundenkilometer – das ist der Bugatti Centodieci". www.handelsblatt.com (in German). Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- Grundhoff, Stefan. "Bugatti Centodieci: Das Acht-Millionen-Euro-Auto". AUTOMOBIL PRODUKTION Online (in German). Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- "Bugatti Centodieci: Von diesem Hypercar gibt es nur 10 Exemplare". GQ Germany (in German). 25 February 2021. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- Business, Peter Valdes-Dapena, CNN (16 August 2019). "Bugatti is making only 10 of these $9 million supercars". CNN. Retrieved 19 August 2019.
- Sintumuang, Kevin (16 August 2019). "The New $8.8 Million Bugatti Centodieci Is a Retro '90s Hypercar Dream". Esquire. Retrieved 19 August 2019.
- "Bugatti Bolide: Von null auf 300 km/h in dieser unfassbaren Zeit". Ruhr24 (in German). 28 October 2020. Archived from the original on 3 November 2020. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- Online, FOCUS. "Bugatti Bolide Hypersportler: Gleicht dem Ritt auf einer Kanonenkugel!". FOCUS Online (in German). Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- "BUGATTI Developing Production Version of the Bolide". www.bugatti.com. Retrieved 7 January 2022.
- "1,578bhp Bugatti Bolide being readied for limited production run". Auto Express. Retrieved 7 January 2022.
- "Bugatti Mistral Roadster Revealed As Spectacular W16 Epilogue". Motor1.com. 20 August 2022.
- "Последним Bugatti с W16 стал 1600-сильный родстер Mistral". Motor1.com (in Russian). 20 August 2022.
- "Bugatti-Bremssattel aus dem 3D-Drucker entwickelt vom Laser Zentrum Nord". hamburg.de (in German). Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- Baumann,uba, Uli (23 January 2018). "Bugatti druckt Bremssattel: XXL-Titanbremse aus dem 3D-Drucker". auto motor und sport (in German). Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- Pfeiffer, Juliana. "Bugatti lässt Titan-Bremssattel 3D-drucken". www.konstruktionspraxis.vogel.de (in German). Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- "Automotive Brand Contest: Bugatti-Händlerdesign ausgezeichnet". autohaus.de (in German). Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- "Bugatti: Three design awards for Bugatti's Exhibition Stand at GIMS 2019". Geneva International Motor Show. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- Migliozzi, MIGZ-Christopher (13 December 2019). "Top Gear awards Bugatti for Speed Record". DriveTribe. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- "Bugatti awards – hyper sports car wins readers' polls". www.bugatti.com. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- "Bugatti eröffnet Showroom in Paris - Auto". www.fnweb.de (in German). Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- Infos, Auto (6 February 2020). "Edouard Schumacher inaugure Bugatti Paris". www.auto-infos.fr. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- "Volkswagen Aktiengesellschaft Facts and Figures 2012" (PDF). volkswagenag.com. Volkswagen Aktiengesellschaft. 11 June 2012. 1058.809.453.20. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 October 2013. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
- Cremer, Andreas (31 March 2011). "Bugatti Said to Get Backing for $1.4 Million Galibier Supercar". Bloomberg Businessweek. New York City, New York: BLOOMBERG L.P. ISSN 0007-7135. Archived from the original on 11 August 2012. Retrieved 11 August 2012.
- "BBC Two - Top Gear, Series 7, Episode 5". BBC. 11 December 2005. Retrieved 28 May 2013.