Semyonov, Nizhny Novgorod Oblast

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House of Culture in Semyonov
House of Culture in Semyonov
Coat of arms of Semyonov
Location of Semyonov
Semyonov is located in Russia
Location of Semyonov
Semyonov is located in Nizhny Novgorod Oblast
Semyonov (Nizhny Novgorod Oblast)
Coordinates: 56°48′N 44°30′E / 56.800°N 44.500°E / 56.800; 44.500Coordinates: 56°48′N 44°30′E / 56.800°N 44.500°E / 56.800; 44.500
Federal subjectNizhny Novgorod Oblast[1]
First mentioned1644
Town status since1779
110 m (360 ft)
 • Total24,473
 • Estimate 
24,400 (−0.3%)
 • Subordinated totown of oblast significance of Semyonov[1]
 • Capital oftown of oblast significance of Semyonov[1]
 • Urban okrugSemyonovsky Urban Okrug[4]
 • Capital ofSemyonovsky Urban Okrug[4]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[5])
Postal code(s)[6]
606650–606654, 606667, 606669
OKTMO ID22737000001
Semyonov population
2010 Census24,473[2]
2002 Census25,298[7]
1989 Census26,282[8]
1979 Census25,199[9]

Semyonov (Russian: Семёнов) is a town in Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Russia, notable for being a major center for traditional handcrafts such as Khokhloma wood painting and matryoshka dolls. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 24,473.[2]


The town is situated in an area of lowland bogs and forests, about 100 kilometers (62 mi) northeast of Nizhny Novgorod, the administrative center of the oblast. The Kerzhenets River flows through the town. The surrounding area includes most of the Kerzhenets Nature Reserve, a federal-level strict ecological reserve, established for the protection and scientific study of the local ecology of the region.


Rachmaninov may have born there. Poles are buried there to do with the Katyn massacre of 1940. Nazi Germany was there from some of 1941 to a bit of 1944.

An Old Believers' church in Semyonov

It was established in the beginning of the 17th century as a settlement of Old Believers. According to an Old Believer legend, the Old Believer settlement in the area was spurred by the existence of the ancient Olenevsky Skete (today, the village of Bolshoye Olenevo, some 24 kilometers (15 mi) southeast from Semyonov), which had supposedly been founded in the 15th century by some of Venerable Macarius's monks to commemorate their leader's Miracle of the Moose that took place at that site, and later joined the Raskol.[10]

The first documented mention of Semyonov was in 1644; it was referred to as Semyonov's hamlet, later as Semyonovo village, and from 1779 as the uyezd town of Semyonov.[citation needed]

From the beginning of the 19th to the early 20th century, it was a center for Old Believers movement and the only place to produce Old Believers' religious items such as lestovka prayer beads.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with 1 work settlement and 190 rural localities, incorporated as the town of oblast significance of Semyonov—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the town of oblast significance of Semyonov is incorporated as Semyonovsky Urban Okrug.[4]

Economy and crafts[edit]

Matryoshka dolls from Semyonov

Since 1918 Khokhloma wood painting became a major craft in Semyonov. In 1960, Semyonov was organized as a factory named Khokhlomskaya rospis ("Хохломская роспись", Russian for "Khokhloma painting").

This factory specialized in the production of hand-painted wooden items (ranging from tableware to toys and furniture) with unique style, and also matryoshka dolls, marketed as souvenir items.[11] The factory offers tours around the various stages of production and visitors can see craftspeople making and painting the items in traditional Russian styles.


Semyonov is located on the Nizhny Novgorod-Kotelnich railway, which is part of one of the main routes used by trains traveling from Moscow to the Urals and Siberia. The town is served by electric commuter trains, connecting it to Nizhny Novgorod in just over an hour.



  1. ^ a b c d Law #184-Z
  2. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  3. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  4. ^ a b c Law #211-Z
  5. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  6. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  7. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  8. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  9. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 г. Национальный состав населения по регионам России [All Union Population Census of 1979. Ethnic composition of the population by regions of Russia] (XLS). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 года [All-Union Population Census of 1979] (in Russian). 1979 – via Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics.
  10. ^ Оленевский скит Archived May 30, 2008, at the Wayback Machine (Olenevsky Skete) (in Russian)
  11. ^ "The hardworking women behind the matryoshkas hope for an Olympic boost". July 18, 2011, Natalya Radulova, Ogonyok


  • Законодательное собрание Нижегородской области. Закон №184-З от 16 ноября 2005 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Нижегородской области», в ред. Закона №58-З от 5 мая 2016 г «О внесении изменений в Закон Нижегородской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Нижегородской области"». Вступил в силу по истечении десяти дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Нижегородские новости", №218(3390), 23 ноября 2005 г. (Legislative Assembly of Nizhny Novgorod Oblast. Law #184-Z of November 16, 2005 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, as amended by the Law #58-Z of May 5, 2016 On Amending the Law of Nizhny Novgorod Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Nizhny Novgorod Oblast". Effective as of after ten days from the day of the official publication.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Нижегородской области. Закон №211-З от 22 декабря 2010 г. «О преобразовании муниципальных образований Семёновского муниципального района Нижегородской области», в ред. Закона №150-З от 7 декабря 2012 г. «Об изменении границ административно-территориальных образований – Беласовский сельсовет, рабочий посёлок Сухобезводное, Шалдежский сельсовет административно-территориального образования город областного значения Семёнов Нижегородской области и о внесении изменений в отдельные Законы Нижегородской области». Вступил в силу по истечении десяти дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Нижегородские новости", №234(4606), 23 декабря 2010 г. (Legislative Assembly of Nizhny Novgorod Oblast. Law #211-Z of December 22, 2010 On Transforming the Municipal Formations of Semyonovsky Municipal District of Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, as amended by the Law #150-Z of December 7, 2012 On Changing the Borders of the Administrative-Territorial Formations of Belasovsky Selsoviet, the Work Settlement of Sukhobezvodnoye, Shaldezhsky Selsoviet of the Administrative-Territorial Formation of the Town of Oblast Significance of Semyonov of Nizhny Novgorod Oblast and on Amending Various Laws of Nizhny Novgorod Oblast. Effective as of the day which is after ten days from the day of the official publication.).

External links[edit]