Kyonan

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Kyonan
鋸南町
Kyonan Town Office
Kyonan Town Office
Flag of Kyonan
Official seal of Kyonan
Location of Kyonan in Chiba Prefecture
Location of Kyonan in Chiba Prefecture
Kyonan is located in Japan
Kyonan
Kyonan
 
Coordinates: 35°07′N 139°50′E / 35.117°N 139.833°E / 35.117; 139.833Coordinates: 35°07′N 139°50′E / 35.117°N 139.833°E / 35.117; 139.833
CountryJapan
RegionKantō
PrefectureChiba
DistrictAwa
Area
 • Total45.16 km2 (17.44 sq mi)
Population
 (December 31, 2020)
 • Total7,409
 • Density160/km2 (420/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
- TreeCamellia
- FlowerNarcissus
Phone number0470-55-2111
Address3458 Sakuma, Kyonan-machi, Awa-gun, Chiba-ken 299-2115
WebsiteOfficial website
View of Hota from Mount Nokogiri

Kyonan (鋸南町, Kyonan-machi) is a town located in Chiba Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 November 2020, the town had an estimated population of 7,409 in 3543 households and a population density of 160 persons per km².[1] The total area of the city is 45.16 square kilometres (17.44 sq mi).

Geography[edit]

Kyonan is located in southwestern Bōsō Peninsula, about 60 kilometers from the prefectural capital at Chiba and 60 to 70 kilometers from central Tokyo. Facing the Tokyo Bay coast, the inland mountainous area is part of the Bōsō Hill Range. At the southern end is Nishigasaki, which juts out into the Uraga Channel. The coastline is rugged and has fishing ports such as Yasuda and Katsuyama. There are also many islands and reefs. The town extends approximately 10.75 kilometers east to west by 7.3 kilometers north and south. The coastal portion of the town is within the boundaries of the Minami Bōsō Quasi-National Park.

Neighboring municipalities[edit]

Chiba Prefecture

Climate[edit]

Kyonan has a Humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cool winters with light to no snowfall. The average annual temperature in Kyonan is 15.2 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1804 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 26.1 °C, and lowest in January, at around 5.4 °C.[2]

Demographics[edit]

Per Japanese census data,[3] the population of Kyonan has been gradually decreasing over the past 70 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920 12,977—    
1930 13,094+0.9%
1940 12,574−4.0%
1950 16,508+31.3%
1960 15,131−8.3%
1970 13,316−12.0%
1980 12,843−3.6%
1990 11,696−8.9%
2000 10,521−10.0%
2010 8,953−14.9%

History[edit]

The area of present-day Kyonan was part of ancient Awa Province. The villages of Katayama and Ota were established with the creation of the modern municipalities system on April 1, 1889. Katsuyama was raised to town status in January 1896 and Hota in January 1897. The town of Kyonan was formed by the merger of Katsuyama and Hota on March 30, 1959. With the creation of the city of Minamibōsō in 2006, Kyonan is the only remaining unincorporated portion of Awa District.

Government[edit]

Kyonan has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral town council of 12 members. Kyonan, together with the city of Minamibōsō, contributes one member to the Chiba Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Chiba 12th district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

Economy[edit]

Kyonan serves as a commercial center for the surrounding region of southwest-central Chiba Prefecture. The primary industry is commercial fishing and agriculture (rice and flowers). Mount Saga has been used for narcissus cultivation at least from the Edo period 1603–1868, and Kyonan remains one of the largest producers of the flower in Japan.[4] The tourist industry is a growing component of the local economy.

Education[edit]

Kyonan has one public elementary school and one public middle school operated by the town government. The town does not have a high school; however, the Chiba Prefectural Board of Education operates one special education school for the handicapped.

Transportation[edit]

Railway[edit]

JR logo (east).svg JR EastUchibō Line

Highway[edit]

Noted people[edit]

  • Hishikawa Moronobu (1618–1694), ukiyoe artist of the Edo period, was born in the village of Hodomura in present-day Kyonan. The Hishikawa family practiced dyeing and a gold and silver-thread embroidery in the area. The Hishikawa Moronobu Memorial Hall was built in Kyonan to commemorate his life and work.[5]

Local attractions[edit]

Nihon-ji Daibutsu

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Kyonan town official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
  2. ^ Kyonan climate data
  3. ^ Kyonan population statistics
  4. ^ 嵯峨山(in Japanese)
  5. ^ 菱川師宣記念館 Archived 2012-01-12 at the Wayback Machine(in Japanese)

External links[edit]